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[May 14, 2014]
ALTERNET SYSTEMS INC - 10-Q - MANAGEMENT DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS:
(Edgar Glimpses Via Acquire Media NewsEdge) The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to those discussed below and elsewhere in this annual report, particularly in the section entitled "Risk Factors".
Our consolidated interim financial statements are stated in United States Dollars and are prepared in accordance with United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.
Overview As mentioned in Note 8, effective March 4, 2014, Alternet Systems Inc. sold effectively all of Alternet Transaction Systems, Inc,'s ("ATS") business and assets to Utiba, As a result the Company is no longer engaged in providing mobile financial services. Along the vision outlined below, in the first quarter, the Company entered into its first arrangement in the digital currency industry. The Company also expects to pursue potential opportunities to grow through mergers and acquisitions. Several opportunities have been identified and the Company has initiated initial discovery processes.
Alternet's vision is based on the following principles [[Image Removed]] Cloud based, secure, regulatory compliant, global currencies are needed to service this emerging market. As the usage and dependence of Smart Mobile Devices continues to increase there will be a need for more intelligent and effective Money.
In 2014, the Company's expected milestones are: . to enter into arrangements with select digital currencies, with the first having taken place in February 2014 with Ven; . to provide end to end security for digital currencies; . to launch the digital currency bank, fully compliant with government regulations, FX exchange capabilities; . to invest in micro payment services to the unbanked and global diasporas; . to invest in alternative financial services to the retail industry emerging markets; . to attract key talent specialized in the digital economy; and . to prepare to up-list into a national exchange.
VEN is a global digital currency traded in international financial markets and originally used by members of a social network service, Hub Culture, to buy, share, and trade knowledge, goods, and services. The value of Ven is determined on the financial markets from a basket of currencies, commodities and carbon futures. It trades against major currencies at floating exchange rates.
Hub Culture is an invitation-led social network service that operates the global digital currency Ven, and according to its website, is "the first to merge online and physical world environments. It was founded in November 2002. The Hub Culture group of companies is privately held with offices in Bermuda, Hong Kong, London and New York, with a network of knowledge brokers in over 20 locations worldwide. The web site is www.hubculture.com.
In the first quarter we entered into a relationship with VEN and Hub Culture to become a VEN Authority. This relationship will allow us to become an issuer of the VEN Currency on a global basis, leveraging the experience and the strength of this Digital Currency. We expect to start generating revenues from the sale of the currency, by the end of the second quarter 2014.
The Company's digital bank initiative, will focus on bringing to market innovative consumer products, including a multi-asset debit and credit card.
This initiative is the first of its kind with dynamic currency conversion from digital to physical currency, digital currency exchange and merchant acquisition solutions. All of these services will include the seamless integration of existing digital currencies, including Bitcoin, Ven, Ripple and others. The company expects to have a global reach, initially launching in Latin America and the Caribbean, with expansion opportunities into Africa and Eastern Europe.
We will actively participate in the industry associations and promoting organizations, expecting to have an active involvement. We will also seek speaking and industry show participation, promoting our new initiatives.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Digital and Mobile Security Software and Services In 2013 International Mobile Security (IMS) was wound down. IMS is expected to be restructured in 2014 and be used as the vehicle to provide services and products securing financial transactions and digital currency.
Results of Operations: Results of Operations are for the quarter ended March 31, 2014 compared to the similar prior year quarter ended March 31, 2013.
The Company's results, on a consolidated basis, reflect its own results consolidated with its subsidiaries. For the remainder of this part, the term "Company" refers to both the Company and its wholly owned and one majority owned subsidiary, International Mobile Security, Inc. ("IMS"). Alternet has a controlling interest in IMS.
Upon closing of the ATS Transaction described in Note 8 of the financial statements, the Company acquired the 49% non-controlling in Alternet Transactions Systems, Inc. ("ATS"), doing business as Utiba Americas, increasing the Company's ownership to 100%.
Net Sales For the quarter ending March 31, 2014, the Company had net sales of $Nil versus $141, a decrease of $141. The low sales were a result of the Company focusing its efforts on ATS, which was classified as a discontinued operation at December 31, 2013. All revenue earned by ATS up to March 4, 2014 is included in discontinued operations.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses The operating and administrative expenses for the quarter ended March 31, 2014 totaled $993,762 as compared to $213,020 for the similar prior year quarter. The table below details the major changes in administrative expenditures for the quarter ended March 31, 2014 as compared to the corresponding quarter ended March 31, 2013.
Expenses Increase / Decrease in Explanation for Change - Expenses Quarter Ended March 31, 2014 as Compared to Quarter Ended March 31, 2013 Investor relations Increase of $56,062 Additional investor communications was required during the quarter ended March 31, 2014 due to the ATS Transaction.
Research and Increase of $500,000 In 2014, the Company paid a Fee of development $500,000 in connection with the ability to offer and promote digital currency.
Management and Increase of $208,674 A majority of the management and consulting consulting fees incurred in 2013 related to ATS. Subsequent to the ATS Transaction, the management fees incurred by Alternet were no longer charged to ATS.Office and general Increase of $23,112 Increased online marketing due to the Company rebranding its image after the closing of the ATS Transaction.
Salaries Decrease of $48,279 The quarter ended March 31, 2013 included an estimate for payroll tax penalties. No estimate was made in the quarter ended March 31, 2014 as the full penalty had been accrued at December 31, 2013.
Travel Increase of $40,354 Increased need for travel for meetings and due diligence on new initiatives being explored by the Company.
Interest and Other Expenses The Company's interest expense decreased to $39,118 for the quarter ended March 31, 2014 compared to $97,414 for the previous year quarter due to the decrease in loans outstanding during the period, reflecting the repayment of several loans payable.
Net Income (Loss) For the quarter ending March 31, 2014, the Company had a net and comprehensive loss attributable to Alternet System, Inc. from continuing operations of $(1,019,164) or $(0.01) per share and an overall net and comprehensive income (loss) of $1,903,359 or $0.02 per share, an increase of 228.78% and a decrease of 477.81% respectively, when compared to the corresponding period of March 31, 2013 which had a net and comprehensive loss attributable to Alternet System, Inc. from continuing operations of $(309,984) or $(0.00) per share and an overall net and comprehensive income (loss) of $(503,785) or $(0.01) per share.
The increased loss from continuing operations is mostly attributable to an Authority fee the Company was required to pay to be able to promote the Ven digital currency while the overall income is primarily attributable to the sale of ATS's Assets.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Liquidity and Capital Resources As of March 31, 2014, the Company had $2,151,028 cash in the bank and accounts receivable of $11,370 and sale proceeds held in escrow relating to the ATS Transaction of $667,264. At March 31, 2014, the Company had a working capital deficiency of $3,454,504. The Company is currently pursuing financing, and has engaged an investment bank to raise additional capital to fund ongoing operations. The Company's ability to continue as a going concern will be negatively affected if it is unsuccessful.
Accounts payable were $2,054,303 at March 31, 2014 compared to accounts payable of $1,466,546 at December 31, 2013. Sale proceeds held in escrow increased to $667,264 as of March 31, 2014 versus $Nil at December 31, 2013.
Plan of Operation In 2014 Alternet will transform into an accelerator of high growth, emerging mobile and digital, technology and services companies, in the digital currency and the mobile and digital security fields. The goal is to expand the horizons of individuals and organizations, by providing a growth and networking platform, empowering them to go beyond their expectations and goals The new vision of Alternet is to accelerate the future of money through the creation of a digital bank, building security around the digital monetary ecosystem, and providing an exchange that allows for the movement from virtual money to fiat currency Our new product and service will offer consumers and businesses the cost savings and speed associated with the internet while being compliant with anti-money laundering procedures in place at US brokerage firms and banks In 2014, the Company's expected milestones are: . to enter into arrangements with select digital currencies, with the first having taken place in February 2014 with Ven; . to provide end to end security for digital currencies; . to launch the digital currency bank, fully compliant with government regulations, FX exchange capabilities; . to invest in micro payment services to the unbanked and global diasporas; . to invest in alternative financial services to the retail industry emerging markets; . to attract key talent specialized in the digital economy; and . to prepare to up-list into a national exchange.
Conclusion The Company is entering into its next phase which will leverage the experience and knowledge in mobile technology and financial services to provide solutions in the digital currency and the mobile and digital security fields. Investments in these fields are underway.
Critical Accounting Policies The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Preparing financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, and expenses. These estimates and assumptions are affected by management's application of accounting policies. We believe that understanding the basis and nature of the estimates and assumptions involved with the following aspects of our financial statements is critical to an understanding of our financial statements.
Basis of Presentation and Consolidation The consolidated financial statements and related notes are presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, and are expressed in United States dollars. The financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned and majority owned subsidiaries.
Our fiscal year-end is December 31.
The minority interests of ATS up to March 4, 2014, the date the Company gained 100% ownership, IMS, and ATS's and IMS's wholly owned subsidiaries have been deducted from earnings and equity. All significant intercompany transactions and account balances have been eliminated.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Use of Estimates and Assumptions The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the financial statement date and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company regularly evaluates estimates and assumptions related to the useful life and recoverability of long-lived assets, fair value of convertible notes payable and derivative liabilities. The Company bases its estimates and assumptions on current facts, historical experience and various other factors that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities and the accrual of costs and expenses that are not readily apparent from other sources. The actual results experienced by the Company may differ materially and adversely from the Company's estimates. To the extent there are material differences between estimates and the actual results, future results of operations will be affected.
Cash and Cash Equivalents The Company considers all liquid investments, with an original maturity of three months or less when purchased, to be cash equivalents.
Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts Trade accounts receivable are stated at the amount the Company expects to collect. The Company maintains allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the inability of its customers to make required payments.
Management considers the following factors when determining the collectability of specific customer accounts: customer credit-worthiness, past transaction history with the customer, current economic industry trends, and changes in customer payment terms. Past due balances over 90 days and other higher risk amounts are reviewed individually for collectability. If the financial condition of the Company's customers were to deteriorate, adversely affecting their ability to make payments, additional allowances would be required. Based on management's assessment, the Company provides for estimated uncollectible amounts through a charge to earnings and a credit to a valuation allowance.
Balances that remain outstanding after the Company has used reasonable collection efforts are written off through a charge to the valuation allowance and a credit to accounts receivable.
Equipment Fixed assets are recorded at cost and depreciated at the following rates: Computer equipment - 30% declining balance basis Computer software - 30% declining balance basis Equipment - 20% declining balance basis Long-Lived Assets Including Other Acquired Intellectual Property Management monitors the recoverability of long-lived assets and intangibles based on estimates using factors such as current market value, future asset utilization, and future undiscounted cash flows expected to result from its investment or use of the related assets. The Company's policy is to record any impairment loss in the period when it is determined that the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable. Any impairment loss is calculated as the excess of the carrying value over estimated realizable value. The Company did not recognize an impairment charges related to long-lived assets during the year ended December 31, 2013 and 2012.
Intangible assets deemed to have an indefinite life are not amortized but are subject to impairment tests at each reporting date. The Company assesses the impairment of intangible assets on a quarterly basis or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the fair value is less than its carrying value. If the carrying amount of the intangible asset exceeds its fair value, the intangible asset is considered impaired and the second step of the test is performed to determine the amount of impairment loss, if any. The Company did not recognized an impairment charges related to indefinite lived intangible assets during the quarters ended March 31, 2014 or 2013 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Revenue Recognition Up to March 4, 2014, the Company entered into sales arrangements that may provide for multiple deliverables to a customer. Software sales may include the sale of a software license, implementation/customization services, and/or ongoing support services.
In order to treat deliverables in a multiple-deliverable arrangement as separate units of accounting, the deliverables must have standalone value upon delivery.
If the deliverables have standalone value upon delivery, the Company accounts for each deliverable separately. Licenses, support fees, and hosted services have standalone value as such services are often sold separately. In determining whether implementation/customization services have standalone value, the Company considers the following factors for each agreement: availability of the services from other vendors, the nature of the services, the timing of when the services contract was signed in comparison to the services start date, and the contractual dependence of the customization service on the customer's satisfaction with the implementation/customization services work.
To date, the Company has concluded that all of the services included in multiple-deliverable arrangements executed have standalone value when multiple deliverables included in an arrangement are separated into different units of accounting. The arrangement consideration is allocated to the identified separate units based on a relative selling price hierarchy. The Company determines the relative selling price for a deliverable based on its vendor-specific objective evidence of selling price ("VSOE"), if available, or its best estimate of selling price ("BESP"), if VSOE is not available. The Company has determined that third-party evidence of selling price ("TPE") is not a practical alternative due to differences in its service offerings compared to other parties and the availability of relevant third party pricing information.
The amount of revenue allocated to delivered items is limited by contingent revenue, if any.
The Company has not established VSOE for a majority of its revenue due to lack of pricing consistency, the customer specific requests, and other factors.
Accordingly, the Company uses its BESP to determine the relative selling price.
The Company determined BESP by considering its overall pricing objectives and market conditions. Significant pricing practices taken into consideration include the Company's discounting practices, the size and volume of the Company's transactions, the geographic area where services are sold, its market strategy, historic contractually stated prices and prior relationships, and future service sales with certain customers. The determination of BESP is made through consultation with and approval by the Company's management, taking into consideration the market strategy. As the Company's market strategies evolve, the Company may modify its pricing practices in the future, which could result in changes in selling prices.
Revenue was recognized upon delivery or when services were performed, provided that persuasive evidence of a sales arrangement exists, both title and risk of loss have passed to the customer, and collection was reasonably assured.
Persuasive evidence of a sales arrangement existed upon execution of a written sales agreement or signed purchase order that constituted a fixed and legally binding commitment between the Company and the buyer. Specifically, revenue from the sale of licenses is recognized when the title of the license transfers to the customer while revenue from implementation/customization services performed is recognized upon successful completion of a User Acceptance Test ("UAT"). If a successful UAT was never achieved and the sales arrangement was cancelled, the Company recognized any deferred revenue not required to be refunded to the customer.
The Company's payment terms vary by client. To reduce credit risk in connection with software license and support sales, the Company may, depending upon the circumstances, require significant deposits prior to delivery. In some circumstances, the Company may require payment in full for its products prior to delivery. For support and hosted services, the Company sold customers service agreements that were recorded as deferred revenue and provided for payment in advance on either an annual or other periodic basis. Revenue for these support services was recognized ratable over the term of the agreement.
Subsequent to March 4, 2014 the Company is implementing the criteria outlined in SAB 104 and recognizing revenue when: º persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; º delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; º the seller's price to the buyer is fixed or determinable; and º collectability is reasonably assured.
Research and Development The Company expenses costs when incurred for items associated with researching and developing new sources of revenue.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Digital Currency Transactions The Company enters into transactions that are denominated in digital currency (Ven). These transactions result in digital currency denominated assets and liabilities that are revalued periodically. Upon revaluation, transaction gains and losses are generated and are reported as unrealized gains and losses in other gain (loss), net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. The Company determines fair value as of the balance sheet date based on Level I inputs which consist of quoted prices in active markets. The value of the Company's digital currency is $125,000 as of March 31, 2014 Due to the uncertainty regarding the current and future accounting treatment and tax, legal and regulatory requirements relating to digital currencies or transactions utilizing digital currencies, such accounting, legal, regulatory and tax developments or other requirements may adversely affect us.
Debt with Conversion Options The Company accounts for convertible debentures in accordance with ASC Topic 470-20, Debt with Conversion and Other Options , which applies to all convertible debt instruments that have a ''net settlement feature,'' which means instruments that by their terms may be settled either wholly or partially in cash upon conversion. Accordingly, the liability and equity components of convertible debt instruments that may be settled wholly or partially in cash upon conversion should be accounted for separately in a manner reflective of their issuer's nonconvertible debt borrowing rate. Conversion features determined to be beneficial to the holder are valued at fair value and recorded to additional paid in capital. Any discount derived from determining the fair value to the debenture conversion features is amortized to interest expense over the life of the debenture. The unamortized costs, if any, upon the conversion of the debentures is expensed to interest immediately.
Leases The Company leased operating facilities which include switches, other network equipment, and premises. Rentals payable under operating leases were charged to the statements of operation on a straight line basis over the term of the relevant lease. For capital leases, the present value of future minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease was reflected as an asset and a liability in the statement of financial position. Amounts due within one year are classified as short-term liabilities and the remaining balance as long-term liabilities.
Foreign Currency Translation The Company's functional currency and its reporting currency is the United States Dollar. Foreign denominated monetary assets and liabilities are translated to their United States dollar equivalents using foreign exchange rates which prevailed at the balance sheet date. Revenue and expenses are translated at average rates of exchange during the year. Related translation adjustments are reported as a separate component of stockholders' equity (deficit), whereas gains or losses resulting from foreign currency transactions are included in the results of operations.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments The Company has determined the estimated fair value of financial instruments using available market information and appropriate valuation methodologies. The carrying value of the Company's financial instruments, consisting of accounts receivable, checks in excess of bank balances, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, wages payable, accrued payroll taxes, other loans payable, stock-based compensation, warrants, and due to related parties, approximate their fair value due to the relatively short maturity of these instruments.
Income Taxes The Company accounts for income taxes under a method which requires the Company to recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in the Company's financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial statements carrying amounts and tax basis of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates. The Company recognizes the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such positions are then measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon settlement.
Stock-Based Compensation The Company accounts for its share-based compensation plans in accordance with the fair value recognition provisions of ASC 718 Compensation-Stock Compensation . The Company utilizes the Black-Scholes option pricing model as its method for determining the fair value of stock option grants. ASC 718 requires the fair value of all share-based awards that are expected to vest to be recognized in the statements of operations over the service or vesting period of each award.
The Company uses the straight-line method of attributing the value of share-based compensation expense for all stock option grants over the requisite service period.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Income (Loss) per Share The Company computes net earnings (loss) per share in accordance with ASC Topic 260, Earnings Per Share. Topic 260 requires presentation of both basic and diluted earnings per share (EPS) on the face of the statement of operations.
Basic EPS is computed by dividing net income (loss) available to common shareholders (numerator) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding (denominator) during the period. Diluted EPS gives effect to all dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period including warrants using the treasury stock method. Diluted EPS excludes all dilutive potential common shares if their effect is anti-dilutive.
At March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013 the Company had no warrants or options outstanding to consider in income (loss) per share calculation.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements In April 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-08, Presentation of Financial Statements (Topic 205) and Property, Plant, and Equipment (Topic 360): Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity.
This ASU is to be applied prospectively for all disposals of an entity that occur within annual periods beginning on or after December 15, 2014, and interim periods beginning on or after December 15, 2015. Additionally, this ASU is to be applied to all business activated that, on acquisition, are classified as held for sale that occur within annual periods beginning on or after December 15, 2014, and interim periods within annual periods beginning on or after December 15, 2015. ASU No 2014-08 addresses concerns about the accounting for discontinued operations and the disposal of small groups of assets that are recurring in nature but qualify as discontinued operations under subtopic 205-20 Management does not anticipate that this accounting pronouncement will have any material future effect on our consolidated financial statements.
Other recent accounting pronouncements issued by the FASB (including its Emerging Issues Task Force), the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and the SEC did not, or are not believed by management to, have a material impact on the Company's present or future financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
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