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[May 12, 2014]
REALPAGE INC - 10-Q - Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
(Edgar Glimpses Via Acquire Media NewsEdge) This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (which Sections were adopted as part of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995).
Statements preceded by, followed by or that otherwise include the words "anticipates," "believes," "could," "seeks," "estimates," "expects," "intends," "may," "plans," "potential," "predicts," "projects," "should," "will," "would" or similar expressions and the negatives of those terms are generally forward-looking in nature and not historical facts. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any anticipated results, performance or achievements. Factors that might cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to those discussed in the section entitled "Risk Factors" in Part II, Item 1A of this report. You should carefully review the risks described herein and in the other documents we file from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"), including our Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal year 2013. You should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements herein, which speak only as of the date of this report. Except as required by law, we disclaim any intention, and undertake no obligation, to revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, a future event or otherwise.
RealPage, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its subsidiaries, (the "Company" or "we" or "us") is a leading provider of on demand software solutions for the rental housing industry. Our broad range of property management solutions enables owners and managers of single-family and a wide variety of multi-family rental property types to manage their marketing, pricing, screening, leasing, accounting, purchasing and other property operations. Our on demand software solutions are delivered through an integrated software platform that provides a single point of access and a shared repository of prospect, resident and property data. By integrating and streamlining a wide range of complex processes and interactions among the rental housing ecosystem of owners, managers, prospects, residents and service providers, our platform helps optimize the property management process and improves the experience for all of these constituents.
Our solutions enable property owners and managers to increase revenues and reduce operating costs through higher occupancy, improved pricing methodologies, new sources of revenue from ancillary services, improved collections and more integrated and centralized processes. As of March 31, 2014, over 9,200 customers used one or more of our on demand software solutions to help manage the operations of approximately 9.3 million rental housing units. Our customers include each of the ten largest multi-family property management companies in the United States, ranked as of January 1, 2014 by the National Multi Housing Council, based on number of units managed.
We sell our solutions through our direct sales organization. Our total revenues were approximately $100.6 million and $89.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. In the same periods, we had operating income (loss) of approximately $(1.1) million and $2.2 million, respectively, and net income (loss) of approximately $(0.8) million and $1.0 million, respectively.
Our company was formed in 1998 to acquire Rent Roll, Inc., which marketed and sold on premise property management systems for the conventional and affordable multi-family rental housing markets. In June 2001, we released OneSite, our first on demand property management system. Since 2002, we have expanded our on demand software solutions to include a number of software-enabled value-added services that provide complementary sales and marketing, asset optimization, risk mitigation, billing and utility management and spend management capabilities. In connection with this expansion, we have allocated greater resources to the development and infrastructure needs of developing and increasing sales of our suite of on demand software solutions. In addition, since July 2002, we have completed 28 acquisitions of complementary technologies to supplement our internal product development and sales and marketing efforts and expand the scope of our solutions, the types of rental housing properties served by our solutions and our customer base.
Recent Acquisitions In February 2013, we acquired certain assets of Seniors for Living, Inc.
("SFL"). SFL is a leading performance-based marketing company that provides senior housing communities and home care companies with industry-leading referral and marketing services to help them achieve their occupancy goals. We integrated SFL with our existing senior living software solutions. We acquired SFL for a purchase price of $2.7 million which consisted of a cash payment of $2.3 million and additional cash payments of $0.2 million each due six months and 12 months after the acquisition date.
In March 2013, we acquired certain assets from Yield Technologies, Inc., including RentSentinel and RentSocial (together, "RentSentinel"). The RentSentinel software-as-a-service platform is a fully featured apartment marketing management solution for the multi-family industry. RentSocial is an apartment search service that simplifies and incorporates the social marketing platform into the process of finding an apartment. We integrated RentSentinel with our existing LeaseStar product family. We acquired RentSentinel for a purchase price of $10.5 million which consisted of a cash payment of $7.6 million, issuance of 72,500 shares of our common stock and two traunches of 36,250 shares of our common stock which are issuable 12 months and 24 months after the acquisition date, respectively.
16 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents In October 2013, we acquired substantially all of the operating assets of Windsor Compliance Services, Inc. ("Windsor Compliance") for a purchase price of $2.7 million, which consisted of a cash payment of $1.3 million at closing and additional cash payments of $1.0 million and $0.5 million due 12 months and 24 months after the acquisition date, respectively, which are contingent on Windsor Compliance providing services to a specified number of units on or before those dates. Windsor Compliance is a firm specializing in compliance with tax credits and regulation for the affordable housing industry.
In October 2013, we acquired all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of MyBuilding Inc. ("MyBuilding") for a purchase price of $6.9 million consisting of a cash payment of $4.5 million at closing, a deferred cash payment of up to $1.5 million payable over two years after the acquisition date and a contingent deferred earn out consisting of two additional cash payments totaling $1.1 million if certain revenue targets are met for the years ended December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2015. A provider of software-as-a-service solutions, MyBuilding products facilitate the creation of online communities that connect residents to multifamily property managers, local vendors, and other residents.
In October 2013, we acquired all of the membership interest of Active Building, LLC ("Active Building") for a purchase price of $14.8 million, which consisted of a cash payment of $11.3 million at closing, a deferred cash payment of up to $2.0 million payable over three years after the acquisition date, and additional cash payments totaling $6.5 million if certain revenue targets are met for the years ended December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2015. A provider of software-as-a-service solutions, Active Building products facilitate the creation of online communities that connect residents to multifamily property managers, local vendors, and other residents.
In January 2014, we acquired certain assets from Bookt LLC, including the InstaManager product ("InstaManager"), for a preliminary purchase price of $9.2 million, consisting of a cash payment of $6.0 million at closing, a deferred cash payment of up to $1.0 million payable over two years after the acquisition date, and additional cash payments totaling up to $7.0 million if certain revenue targets are met for the years ended March 31, 2015 and March 31, 2016.
InstaManager is a software-as-a-service vacation rental booking engine used by professional managers of vacation rental properties. InstaManager offers marketing websites, online pricing and availability, online booking, automated reservations, payment processing and insurance sales.
In March 2014, we acquired certain assets from Virtual Maintenance Manager LLC, including the Virtual Maintenance Manager product ("VMM"), for a preliminary purchase price of $3.2 million, consisting of $1.0 million at closing, a deferred cash payment of up to $0.2 million payable over two years after the acquisition date, and additional cash payments of up to $2.0 million if certain revenue targets are met for the years ended June 30, 2015 and June 30, 2016. VMM is a software-as-a-service application that facilitates the management of the end-to-end maintenance lifecycle for single-family and multi-family rental properties and provides property managers visibility into their maintenance costs, manages resources, and provides business control for property managers.
On May 6, 2014, we acquired substantially all of the operating assets of Notivus Multi-Family, LLC ("Notivus") for a preliminary purchase price of $7.5 million, which consisted of a cash payment of $3.6 million at closing, a deferred cash payment of up to $0.8 million payable over two years after the acquisition date, and additional cash payments totaling $3.1 million if certain revenue targets are met for the years ended December 31, 2015, December 31, 2016, and December 31, 2017. The acquisition of Notivus expands our ability to provide vendor risk management and compliance software solutions for the rental housing industry.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates The preparation of our condensed consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, costs and expenses and related disclosures. We base these estimates and assumptions on historical experience or on various other factors that we believe to be reasonable and appropriate under the circumstances. We reconsider and evaluate our estimates and assumptions on an on-going basis.
Accordingly, actual results may differ significantly from these estimates.
We believe that the following critical accounting policies involve our more significant judgments, assumptions and estimates, and therefore, could have the greatest potential impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements: • Revenue recognition; • Fair value measurements; • Accounts receivable; • Business combinations; • Goodwill and other intangible assets with indefinite lives; • Impairment of long-lived assets; • Intangible assets; • Stock-based compensation; 17-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents • Income taxes; and • Capitalized product development costs.
A full discussion of our critical accounting policies, which involve significant management judgment, appears in our Form 10-K under "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations-Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates." For further information regarding our business, industry trends, accounting policies and estimates, and risks and uncertainties, refer to our Form 10-K.
Key Components of Our Results of Operations Revenue We derive our revenue from three primary sources: our on demand software solutions; our on premise software solutions; and our professional and other services.
On demand revenue. Revenue from our on demand software solutions is comprised of license and subscription fees relating to our on demand software solutions, typically licensed for one year terms, commission income from sales of renter's insurance policies, and transaction fees for certain on demand software solutions, such as payment processing, spend management and billing services.
Typically, we price our on demand software solutions based primarily on the number of units or beds the customer manages with our solutions. For our insurance based solutions, our agreement provides for a fixed commission on earned premiums related to the policies sold by us. The agreement also provides for a contingent commission to be paid to us in accordance with the agreement.
This agreement provides for a calculation that considers, on the policies sold by us, earned premiums less i) earned agent commissions; ii) a percent of premium retained by our underwriting partner; iii) incurred losses; and iv) profit retained by our underwriting partner during the time period. Our estimate of our contingent commission revenue considers historical loss experience on the policies sold by us. For our transaction-based solutions, we price based on a fixed rate per transaction.
On premise revenue. Our on premise software solutions are distributed to our customers and maintained locally on the customers' hardware. Revenue from our on premise software solutions is comprised of license fees under term and perpetual license agreements. Typically, we have licensed our on premise software solutions pursuant to term license agreements with an initial term of one year that include maintenance and support. Customers can renew their term license agreement for additional one-year terms at renewal price levels.
We no longer actively market our legacy on premise software solutions to new customers, and only license our on premise software solutions to a small portion of our existing on premise customers as they expand their portfolio of rental housing properties. While we intend to support our acquired on premise software solutions, we expect that many of the customers who license these solutions will transition to our on demand software solutions over time.
Professional and other revenue. Revenue from professional and other services consists of consulting and implementation services, training and other ancillary services. We complement our solutions with professional and other services for our customers willing to invest in enhancing the value or decreasing the implementation time of our solutions. Our professional and other services are typically priced as time and material engagements.
Cost of Revenue Cost of revenue consists primarily of personnel costs related to our operations, support services, training and implementation services, expenses related to the operation of our data center and fees paid to third-party service providers.
Personnel costs include salaries, bonuses, stock-based compensation and employee benefits. Cost of revenue also includes an allocation of facilities costs, overhead costs and depreciation, as well as amortization of acquired technology related to strategic acquisitions and amortization of capitalized development costs. We allocate facilities, overhead costs and depreciation based on headcount.
Operating Expenses We classify our operating expenses into three categories: product development, sales and marketing, and general and administrative. Our operating expenses primarily consist of personnel costs, costs for third-party contracted development, marketing, legal, accounting and consulting services and other professional service fees. Personnel costs for each category of operating expenses include salaries, bonuses, stock-based compensation and employee benefits for employees in that category. In addition, our operating expenses include an allocation of our facilities costs, overhead costs and depreciation based on headcount for that category, as well as amortization of purchased intangible assets resulting from our acquisitions.
Product development. Product development expense consists primarily of personnel costs for our product development employees and executives and fees to contract development vendors. Our product development efforts are focused primarily on increasing the functionality and enhancing the ease of use of our on demand software solutions and expanding our suite of on demand software solutions. In 2008 and 2011, we established a product development and service center in 18 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents Hyderabad, India and Manila, Philippines, respectively, to take advantage of strong technical talent at lower personnel costs compared to the United States.
Sales and marketing. Sales and marketing expense consists primarily of personnel costs for our sales, marketing and business development employees and executives, travel and entertainment and marketing programs. Marketing programs consist of amounts paid for search engine optimization ("SEO") and search engine marketing ("SEM"), renter's insurance and other advertising, tradeshows, user conferences, public relations, industry sponsorships and affiliations and product marketing. In addition, sales and marketing expense includes amortization of certain purchased intangible assets, including customer relationships and key vendor and supplier relationships obtained in connection with our acquisitions.
General and administrative. General and administrative expense consists of personnel costs for our executive, finance and accounting, human resources, management information systems and legal personnel, as well as legal, accounting and other professional service fees and other corporate expenses.
Key Business Metrics In addition to traditional financial measures, we monitor our operating performance using a number of financially and non-financially derived metrics that are not included in our condensed consolidated financial statements. We monitor the key performance indicators as follows: On demand revenue. This metric represents the license and subscription fees relating to our on demand software solutions, typically licensed for one year terms, commission income from sales of renter's insurance policies and transaction fees for certain of our on demand software solutions. We consider on demand revenue to be a key business metric because we believe the market for our on demand software solutions represents the largest growth opportunity for our business.
On demand revenue as a percentage of total revenue. This metric represents on demand revenue for the period presented divided by total revenue for the same period. We use on demand revenue as a percentage of total revenue to measure our success in executing our strategy to increase the penetration of our on demand software solutions and expand our recurring revenue streams attributable to these solutions. We expect our on demand revenue to remain a significant percentage of our total revenue although the actual percentage may vary from period to period due to a number of factors, including the timing of acquisitions, professional and other revenue and on premise perpetual license sales and maintenance fees resulting from our February 2010 acquisition.
Ending on demand units. This metric represents the number of rental housing units managed by our customers with one or more of our on demand software solutions at the end of the period. We use ending on demand units to measure the success of our strategy of increasing the number of rental housing units managed with our on demand software solutions. Property unit counts are provided to us by our customers as new sales orders are processed. Property unit counts may be adjusted periodically as information related to our customers' properties is updated or supplemented, which could result in adjustments to the number of units previously reported.
Non-GAAP on demand revenue. This metric represents on demand revenue adjusted to reverse the effect of the write down of deferred revenue associated with purchase accounting for strategic acquisitions. We use this metric to evaluate our on demand revenue as we believe its inclusion provides a more accurate depiction of on demand revenue arising from our strategic acquisitions.
The following provides a reconciliation of non-GAAP on demand revenue to on demand revenue, our most directly comparable GAAP financial measure: Three Months Ended March 31, 2014 2013 (in thousands) On demand revenue $ 97,008 $ 85,322 Acquisition-related and other deferred revenue adjustments 1,324 2 Non-GAAP on demand revenue $ 98,332 $ 85,324 Non-GAAP on demand revenue per average on demand unit. This metric represents non-GAAP on demand revenue for the period presented divided by average on demand units for the same period. For interim periods, the calculation is performed on an annualized basis. We calculate average on demand units as the average of the beginning and ending on demand units for each quarter in the period presented.
We monitor this metric to measure our success in increasing the number of on demand software solutions utilized by our customers to manage their rental housing units, our overall revenue and profitability.
19 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents Adjusted EBITDA. We define this metric as net income (loss) plus depreciation and asset impairment; amortization of intangible assets; interest expense, net; income tax expense (benefit); stock-based compensation expense, acquisition-related expense and certain litigation-related expenses. We believe that the use of Adjusted EBITDA is useful in evaluating our operating performance because it excludes certain non-cash expenses, including depreciation, amortization and stock-based compensation. Adjusted EBITDA is not determined in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or GAAP, and should not be considered as a substitute for or superior to financial measures determined in accordance with GAAP. For a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income, refer to the table below. Our Adjusted EBITDA grew from approximately $20.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013 to approximately $24.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 as a result of our efforts to expand market share and increase revenue.
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